The Optional Protocol to the Genocide Convention was drafted taking into account the UN Charter and practice to fit neatly into the UN and regional system. This is done by respecting the various roles and powers assigned to the General Assembly, the Security Council and the Regional Organizations under the UN Charter. The specific roles of each under the Protocol will be discussed, as well as the specific mechanisms for Regional Organizations under Article 5. The decision-making on genocide and its preparatory steps under Article 3, working in conjunction with Article 4, creates an obligation to act on normally non-binding recommendations by the UN General Assembly or by a relevant Regional Organization, assuming the Security Council fails to act. The Protocol also addresses potential peacekeeping issues in emergency genocide prevention or suppression to ensure the effective protection of civilians and the funding of such missions. This presentation also discussed the links between the Optional Protocol and the Responsibility to Protect
Bussière-Wallot, Jean-François. The Mechanisms of the Optional Protocol to the Genocide Convention and its links to R2P. Presented at the Jan Karski Memory and Responsibility Conference, September 20, 2014.
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© 2014 Jean-François Bussière-Wallot.