Date of Award

2016

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Psychology

Abstract

Racial and ethnic socialization are integral to the functioning and parenting process in ethnic minorities’ families (Brown & Krishnakumar, 2007; Hughes, Rodriguez, Smith, Johnson, Stevenson, & Spicer, 2006). Unfortunately, there is no scholarly consensus with respect to definitions and operations for racial and ethnic socialization which then evidences several conceptual and methodological shortcomings in racial and ethnic socialization research (Brown, 2004). Furthermore, very little empirical research has used these findings in relation to the socialization processes of first- and second-generation Afro-Caribbean emerging adults.

The purpose of this study was to test the roles of both racial socialization and ethnic socialization in promoting social connectedness (i.e., mainstream, racial community, ethnic community) and the relationship of social connectedness (i.e., mainstream, racial community, ethnic community) and subjective well-being of 307 Afro-Caribbean emerging adults. This research study tested an exploratory model that examined the potential mediating effects of social connectedness (i.e., mainstream, racial community, ethnic community) between racial and ethnic socialization and the outcome subjective well-being among first- and second-generation Afro-Caribbean emerging adult immigrants. Path analysis results revealed that the partially mediated for racial socialization, but fully mediated for ethnic socialization model resulted in being the best fitting model. The indirect effects of ethnic socialization on subjective well-being through

social connectedness in mainstream society and ethnic community were statistically significant and also the indirect effect of racial socialization on subjective well-being through social connectedness in mainstream society was statistically significant. Research and practical implications for researchers, clinicians, and preventionists are considered, limitations and future directions for research are discussed.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.

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