Date of Award
Doctor of Education (EdD)
School of Education
This study analyzes three legislations that affected education for language
minority students. The research starts with a historical overview of the foundation of the
United States and the education of the non-English speaking population. It examines the
conditions that led to the first Bilingual Education Act of 1968, the changes that appeared
in the Bilingual Education Act of 1974, and the development of Title III of the No Child
Left Behind Act of 2001. The country's response to English language learners and their
individual learning needs is looked at throughout each listed time period, as well as the
implications for educational leaders.
Each legislation study answers three questions:
1. What are the economic, political, social, and educational conditions of each
time period that influenced the legislation?
2. Who are the leaders that advocated for English language learners?
3. What are their arguments and as a result, what programs were developed?
The primary sources used include public laws, U.S. Senate and House of
Representatives hearings, congressional documents, newspaper articles, presidents'
speeches, government reports, and journals. These sources help to understand and
describe the trends of each time period and the implications for educational leaders and
language minority students.
Neal, Jenny Maria, "Educational Leaders Serving Language Minority Students (1965-2001)" (2012). Dissertations. 371.
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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.
Copyright © 2012 Jenny Maria Neal