Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Caribbean Journal of International Relations & Diplomacy







Publisher Name

Institute of International Relations at the University of the West Indies

Publisher Location

Trinidad, West Indies


This article sets out to theoretically explain the Caribbean Community’s (CARICOM) integrative stalemate. It argues that this needs to be studied in light of a changing regional, geographic, and geostrategic climate. A shift is occurring from ‘endogenous regionalism,’ which concentrates on the Caribbean’s historical past, to ‘exogenous regionalism,’ which focuses on creating a borderless Caribbean space and promotes Caribbeanization through the Caribbean Single Market (CSM), which came into force in 2006, and the stalemated Caribbean Single Economy (CSE). I argue that new trans-hemispheric relations are emerging and Caribbean regionalism is now both multi-centric—arising from actions in numerous places rather than a single center—and also multi-temporal. In this context, mature regionalism presages effective governance by focusing on deepening regional structures and institutional arrangements. I argue that trans-regionalism is a multidimensional process that moves away from the spill-over effects of trade policy harmonization and streamlines different political, security, economic, and cultural regimes. I conclude by suggesting that ‘meta-steering’ in the form of ‘strategic coordination’ or ‘first order response’ is but one way to perceive the paused regional project.


Author Posting. © 2015 Caribbean Journal of International Relations and Diplomacy. This article is posted here by permission of Institute of International Relations at the University of the West Indies. The definitive version was published in Caribbean Journal of International Relations & Diplomacy, Vol. 3, Iss. 2, (June 2015)

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