Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development






Pages 243–267


This study investigates how justice-related issues affect farmers and workers on organic farms in the northeastern United States. At the study's core is an examination of the current context of laborers in organic agriculture in the U.S. Northeast. The study analyzes the results of an online survey of Northeast Organic Farming Association (NOFA) farmer members to gather information about who labors on organic farms in the NOFA network and what unique justice issues they face. The survey results indicate that most of the farms within the network are small-scale and rely heavily on family members and volunteers for labor. Many of the justice issues related to labor arise from the difficulties these farmers experience achieving financial viability. This study increases understanding of the broader systemic context within which small-scale organic farmers make their commitments and decisions, and it illustrates how the justice-related experiences of both farmers and workers are affected by participation as small-scale organic farms in the larger agricultural system.


Author Posting © Berkey, B., & Schusler, T., 2016. This article is posted here by permission of New Leaf Associates, Inc. for personal use, not for redistribution. The article was published in Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, Vol. 6, Iss. 2, 2016,

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Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.