New England Journal of Medicine
Massachusetts Medical Society
Does gun violence affect the mental health of U.S. children? That question has the same answer as most inquiries about child and adolescent development: it depends. Rarely does a simple cause–effect relationship apply to the same degree to all children, and the same exposures may even have opposite effects on different children. Such variability is an essential truth of the “ecological perspective” on child and adolescent development. But from this perspective, consideration of gun violence’s effects on the mental health of young people highlights two issues among the many facing U.S. society: traumatic responses in children directly exposed to gun violence and contamination of the consciousness of young people, particularly those with serious mental health problems.
Garbarino, James. The War-Zone Mentality — Mental Health Effects of Gun Violence in U.S. Children and Adolescents. New England Journal of Medicine, 387, 13: 1149-1151, 2022. Retrieved from Loyola eCommons, Psychology: Faculty Publications and Other Works, http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMp2209422
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