Preexisting Psychological Illness and Its Association with Mortality in Lung Cancer Patients with Access to Support Resources
Abstract Introduction: Diagnosis of lung cancer often results in tremendous stress for most patients, especially in patients with underlying psychological illness. Psy- chosocial support (consultation with psychologist, psychotherapist, or social worker) referral is considered standard for quality cancer care; however, which patients utilize these resources and how these resources affect patient out- comes remain unclear. Objectives: We aimed to identify which newly diagnosed lung cancer patients accessed available psychosocial resources and assessed how utilization of these resources correlated with treatment and survival outcomes. Methods: Data were collected from National Cancer Institute-designated can- cer center at the University of New Mexico. We analyzed lung cancer registry and mortality data at the cancer center and bronchoscopy suite data to retro- spectively identify patients diagnosed with lung cancer between 2012 and 2017. We used a logistic regression model to compare psychological support utilization at the cancer center between patients with and without history of psychiatric illness. We used a Cox proportional hazards model to identify indi- vidual risk factors for mortality. Results: Patients with a previous psychological diagnosis were 2.4 times more likely (odds ratio = 2.443; confidence interval [CI], 1.130–5.284) to utilize psy- chological resources than patients without a pre-cancer psychological diagno- sis. Patients who received psychosocial intervention had a 120.4% higher hazard of dying than those who did not (hazard ratio = 2.204; 95% CI, 1.240– 3.917). One-year survival probability among those who did not utilize resources was 62.65% (95% CI, 55.24%–71.06%) and 43.0% (95% CI, 31.61%– 58.50%) among those who did. Patients with a previous psychiatric diagnosis were more likely to utilize psychosocial resoures within 1 year of lung cancer diagnosis.
Wright, Allison E.; Sheehan, Elycee; Qeadan, Fares; Stalter, Lily; and Saeed, Ali Imran, "Preexisting Psychological Illness and Its Association with Mortality in Lung Cancer Patients with Access to Support Resources" (2022). Parkinson School of Health Sciences and Public Health. 5.
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