Journal of Bacteriology
American Society for Microbiology
In this paper we report the first crystal structure of a prokaryotic sucrose synthase from the non-photosynthetic bacterium Nitrosomonas europaea. The obtained structure was in an open form, whereas the only other available structure from the plant Arabidopsis thaliana was in a closed conformation. Comparative structural analysis revealed a “hinge-latch” combination, which is critical to transition between the open and closed forms of the enzyme. The N. europaea sucrose synthase shares the same fold as the GT-B family of the retaining glycosyltransferases. In addition, a triad of conserved homologous catalytic residues in the family showed to be functionally critical in the N. europaea sucrose synthase (Arg567, Lys572, Glu663). This implies that sucrose synthase shares not only a common origin with the GT-B family, but also a similar catalytic mechanism. The enzyme preferred transferring glucose from ADP-glucose rather than UDP-glucose like the eukaryotic counterparts. This predicts that these prokaryotic organisms have a different sucrose metabolic scenario from plants. Nucleotide preference determines where the glucose moiety is targeted after sucrose is degraded.
Wu, Rui; Asención Diez, Matías D.; Figueroa, Carlos M.; Machtey, Matías; Iglesias, Alberto A.; Ballicora, Miguel; and Liu, Dali. The Crystal Structure of Nitrosomonas Europaea Sucrose Synthase Reveals Critical Conformational Changes and Insights into the Sucrose Metabolism in Prokaryotes. Journal of Bacteriology, , : 1-54, 2015. Retrieved from Loyola eCommons, Chemistry: Faculty Publications and Other Works, http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JB.00110-15
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© American Society for Microbiology, 2015.