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International Journal of Molecular Sciences







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New carborane-bearing hydroxamate matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) ligands have been synthesized for boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) with nanomolar potency against MMP-2, -9 and -13. New analogs are based on MMP inhibitor CGS-23023A, and two previously reported MMP ligands 1 (B1) and 2 (B2) were studied in vitro for BNCT activity. The boronated MMP ligands 1 and 2 showed high in vitro tumoricidal effects in an in vitro BNCT assay, exhibiting IC50 values for 1 and 2 of 2.04 × 10−2 mg/mL and 2.67 × 10−2 mg/mL, respectively. The relative killing effect of 1 to L-boronophenylalanine (BPA) is 0.82/0.27 = 3.0, and that of 2 is 0.82/0.32 = 2.6, whereas the relative killing effect of 4 is comparable to boronophenylalanine (BPA). The survival fraction of 1 and 2 in a pre-incubation boron concentration at 0.143 ppm 10B and 0.101 ppm 10B, respectively, were similar, and these results suggest that 1 and 2 are actively accumulated through attachment to the Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC)VII cells. Compounds 1 and 2 very effectively killed glioma U87 delta EGFR cells after BNCT. This study is noteworthy in demonstrating BNCT efficacy through binding to MMP enzymes overexpressed at the surface of the tumor cell without tumor cell penetration.


Author Posting © The Author(s), 2023. This article is posted here by permission of MDPI for personal use and redistribution. This article was published open access in International Journal of Molecular Sciences, VOL.24,ISS.8, (April 9, 2023),

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