Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
American Chemical Society
A series of pyrrolizidine esters, amides, and ureas was prepared and tested for 5-HT(4) and 5-HT(3) receptor binding, 5-HT(4) receptor agonism in the rat tunica muscularis mucosae (TMM) assay, and for 5-HT(3) receptor-mediated functional antagonism in the Bezold-Jarisch reflex assay. Several pyrrolizidine derivatives were identified with high affinity for the 5-HT(4) receptor, including benzamide 12a (SC-53116), a potent and selective 5-HT(4) partial agonist that exhibits efficacy in promoting antral contractions and activity in promoting gastric emptying in canine models. Also discovered were 5-HT(4) receptor antagonists, including imidazopyridine amide 12h (SC-53606), which is a potent and selective 5-HT(4) receptor antagonist with a pA(2) value of 8.13 in the rat TMM assay. N-Methyl indole ester 13d was identified as a potent 5-HT(4) antagonist with a pA(2) value of 8.93. High selectivity was observed for these pyrrolizidine derivatives versus other monoamine receptors, including 5-HT(1), 5-HT(2), D(1), D(2), alpha(1), alpha(2), and beta receptors.
Becker, Daniel; Flynn, Daniel L.; Moormann, Alan E.; and Nosal, Roger. Pyrrolizidine Esters and Amides as 5-HT4 Receptor Agonists and Antagonists. Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 49, 3: , 2006. Retrieved from Loyola eCommons, Chemistry: Faculty Publications and Other Works, http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jm0509501
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