Single-molecule transistors (SMTs) incorporating individual small molecules are unique tools for examining the fundamental physics and chemistry of electronic transport in molecular systems at the single nanometer scale. We describe the fabrication and characterization of such devices, and the synthesis and surface attachment chemistry of novel transition metal complexes that have been incorporated into such SMTs. We present gate-modulated inelastic electron tunneling vibrational spectroscopy of single molecules, strong Kondo physics (TK ∼ 75 K) as evidence of excellent molecule/electrode electronic coupling, and a demonstration that covalent attachment chemistry can produce SMTs that survive repeated thermal cycling to room temperature. We conclude with a look ahead at the prospects for these nanoscale systems.
Natelson, D, LM Yu, JW Ciszek, ZK Keane, and JM Tour. "Single-molecule transistors: electron transfer in the solid state" in Chemical Physics 324(1), 2006.
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© 2005 Elsevier BV.