Document Type


Publication Date


Publication Title

The Journal of Corporate Citizenship





Publisher Name

Greenleaf Publishing


This paper proposes a revision to Hart and Sharma’s 2004 model for corporate engagement with the base of the pyramid (BoP) by making the BoP community and the natural environment, not the firm, the central focus for engagement. The revised model proposes that core stakeholders must include the BoP community, the poor, weak, and illiterate, as they can benefit most from the community collective action model presented herein to address sustainability in the natural environment. These are the core stakeholders rather than fringe stakeholders, as indicated in the Hart and Sharma model. Our model recognizes the legitimacy of the firm as an enabler that possesses the power to help core stakeholders address the causes of environmental degradation that act as barriers to poverty alleviation and natural resource access.


Author Posting. © Greenleaf Publishing 2016. This article is posted here by permission of Greenleaf Publishing for personal use, not for redistribution. The article was published in The Journal of Corporate Citizenship, Issue 61, 2016,

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.