Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)




Youth is a period of discovery, exploration, and instability that occurs between middle childhood and late adolescence. In the United States, a diverse society, urban youth have to clarify not only their self concept, but also their ethnic identity, which becomes part of their self-concept. Unfortunately, most researchers have ignored early adolescence (i.e., ages 12-15) and have limited their research to either childhood or later adolescence. The purpose of this study is twofold. The first part of this study examined the relationship between family satisfaction and subjective well-being (SWB) among urban youth. The second part of the study examined ethnic identity as a moderator between family satisfaction and SWB. An archived dataset collected in 2007 was used. There were 158 participants enrolled in a public urban school in a large Midwestern city ranging in age from 11-15. Regression analyses were used to test the relationship between family satisfaction and SWB. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis was used to detect main effects and interactions effects (Cohen & Cohen, 1983). Findings suggest a significant relationship between family satisfaction and SWB. However, the ethnic identity moderator effect was not significant.

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Creative Commons License
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