Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)




Many theorists propose a link between religiosity and prejudice; however, many studies show contradictory results. Recently, there has also been a growing interest in the differences between implicit and explicit prejudices. Current literature suggests that explicit and implicit attitudes are linked and one can influence the other. However, it is possible there are different sets of predictors of each attitude type. African-Americans have historically been the most openly targeted minority in America. Recently, gay men and lesbians have also faced increased prejudice. The purpose of this project was to examine several aspects of religiosity (involvement, intrinsic/extrinsic, fundamentalism, quest, history, and maturity) and their relationship to explicit and implicit attitudes. Two hundred and eighty eight undergraduate students completed an online questionnaire measuring aspects of religiosity and computer based measures of explicit and implicit attitudes. We found that very few aspects of religious beliefs predicted explicit attitudes toward African-Americans but almost all aspects were related to explicit attitudes toward gay men and lesbians. Religiosity did not predict implicit attitudes toward African-Americans or gay men, however; some aspects of religiosity were related to implicit prejudice toward lesbians. Furthermore, there were moderating and mediating effects for the implicit attitudes toward lesbians but not any other target group. This study demonstrates that relationships with religiosity and prejudice vary across aspects of religiosity and type or prejudice. These results suggest reasons for the diversity of previous findings and set directions for more comprehensive future research.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.