Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)




This dissertation focuses on the interplay between educational policy implemented by the British colonial authorities in India and the religious and ethnic communities impacted by these policies. It first considers educational policies promulgated from the earliest days of rule by the British East India Company until the Hunter Commission of 1882. Following this survey, the dissertation considers Indian reactions to these systems and colonial structures of education between 1880 and 1890. Those colonizing India had planned to use education as a means of stabilizing and strengthening their own rule on the subcontinent. As the British colonizers steadily overran the subcontinent, however, the colonial education system that developed over the course of the Raj consistently undermined this plan. This dissertation asks the question, “How did Hindu and Muslim religious and linguistic communities across Northern India view the construction of religious difference in British educational administration in the colonial system in the period from 1880 to 1890?” This broad focus on Hindu and Muslim communities narrows more specifically to the intellectual and political circles in Punjab and the North-Western Provinces.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.