Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Counseling and Human Services


In 2013 Lent and Brown presented the Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT) Career Self-Management (CSM) model in order to understand the processes whereby people engage in adaptive career behaviors, as well as what factors may hinder or facilitate. The current study examined the CSM model in the context of women’s multiple role balancing. Social support and access to economic resources, two variables which have garnered empirical attention in both the SCCT and multiple role literature, were tested as potentially meaningful contextual and person input variables within the model. Results indicated support for a CSM model of women’s multiple role balancing. The relationship of social support to balancing actions was fully mediated by self-efficacy beliefs and outcome expectations. Whereas economic resources appeared to influence actions both directly and indirectly (e.g. partial mediation). Study results suggest that efforts to bolster social support may be especially crucial in fostering women’s self-efficacy beliefs for balance, and actions enacted to do so. Suggestions for clinical and workplace interventions, as well as future avenues for research are offered.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.