Date of Award

2020

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Psychology

Abstract

Ethnic-minority youth residing in urban communities are disproportionately impacted by community violence exposure (ECV), and despite decades of research, rates of ECV in youth continue to increase. Further, person-based analyses have demonstrated variability in rates of ECV, even among youth who share similar risky demographic factors and it is important to examine the utility of psychological factors as predictors of ECV. Drawing from public health frameworks and the reciprocal-stress model, the current study seeks to better understand the longitudinal relationship between various components of depressive symptoms (depressed affect, somatic symptoms, depressive cognitions, suicidal thoughts and behaviors) in the prediction of ECV, and the role of engagement in risky or delinquent behavior as a mechanism in this relationship. in addition, the current study examines age and gender differences in this relationship. Youth ranged in age from 9.12-19.89 (M = 14.03, SD = 2.51). the sample was 56.6% Latino and 43.4% African American. Results reveal the importance of depressive symptoms in ECV through engagement in risky behavior and implications for clinical intervention are discussed.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.

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