Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Many individuals have identified religion and/or spirituality (R/S) as integral in the construction of their worldview and important in mental health. Research has demonstrated that clinicians hold positive attitudes towards integrating R/S into therapy yet reported low levels of actually integrating R/S into therapy sessions. This study examined therapist behavior in regard to broaching discussions about R/S in psychotherapy sessions. This study proposed that clinician broaching behavior would be correlated with the clinician’s R/S competence. Furthermore, the relationship between broaching and clinician’s competence would be moderated by the R/S competence of the clinician’s environment (defined as the organizational/institutional R/S competence). Complete data from 147 clinicians (77 mental health professionals and 70 graduate student trainees) was analyzed. Through the use of hierarchical multiple regression it was found that clinician R/S broaching behavior is positively and significantly correlated with clinician R/S competence. This study also found that organizational R/S competence is positively and significantly correlated with clinician R/S broaching behavior. The proposed moderation model involving organizational R/S competence as a moderating variable was not significant. Additionally, post-hoc analyses, limitations, future directions, and clinical/training implications are discussed.
Adams, Papa N., "Broaching the Topics of Religion and Spirituality in Therapy: Considering the Influence of Therapist Competence and Organizational Competence" (2022). Dissertations. 3993.
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