Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


School Psychology


This survey study investigated the effects of the National Association of School Psychologists PREPaRE Workshop 2 training on workshop participants. PREPaRE is a comprehensive crisis prevention and intervention model that is specifically designed for schools. This study evaluated the impact of the PREPaRE model and the training of school psychologists in terms of (a) can school psychologists apply the knowledge gained when responding to crisis situations as a result of the PREPaRE training? (b) what are school psychologists' perceptions of their confidence in responding to an actual crisis situation? (c) and have school psychologists utilized PREPaRE response and recovery techniques in actual crisis situations? This survey study utilized a quasi-experimental ex post facto (or causative comparative) research design. Surveys were sent electronically to two groups of school psychologist members of the National Association of School Psychologists; a group that received the PREPaRE Workshop 2 training and a second that had not received the training. Results revealed those who completed Workshop 2 scored higher on the knowledge scale and reported higher levels of confidence in responding to school crises. In addition, although school psychologists reported using various crisis interventions and techniques, there were no significant differences in application of these interventions in schools between the two groups.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.