Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (EdD)


School of Education


Pre-service and in-service teacher education programs are designed to disseminate large quantities of knowledge in a short period of time (Deng, 2004). However, they have been found to be ineffective with implementing teacher change (Deng, 2004). To increase the level of effective implementation, as measured by the ability of teachers to utilize what they have learned, designers of pre-service and in-service programs for teachers should include cognitively engaging activities (Cochran-Smith & Lytle, 1999). This study explored the relationship between student achievement and the level of teacher participation while attending an inquiry-based professional development program. Six teachers at a private school participated in the two year research-based professional development program aligned with inquiry-based concepts and mutual consultation practices. Effectiveness was measured by student performance. The results indicate that the teachers were not as cognitively engaged during the whole-group lectures. The participation level for all participating teachers increased during the collaborative sessions. Findings indicate a correlation between teachers' cognitive participation level and the implementation of concepts included in the professional development sessions within the classroom. In addition, students taught by teachers exhibiting a higher level of cognitive engagement during the professional development program demonstrated higher achievement scores, as measured by standardized tests. The findings of this study suggest teachers utilize more concepts acquired when they are more cognitively engaged in the learning experience. Also, results suggest student achievement scores increase when teachers are more cognitively engaged while participating in professional development programs.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.