Document Type


Publication Date

Summer 2014

Publication Title

The Bulletin of Chiang Mai Associated Medical Sciences







Publisher Name

Chiang Mai University

Publisher Location

Chiang Mai, Thailand


Objective: To determine risk factors associated with microalbuminuria in type 2 diabetes patients.

Method: This retrospective study was performed on 198 patients with type 2 diabetes attending the diabetes clinic at Nan Hospital in Northern Thailand. Basic information (i.e., gender, age, weight, body mass index) of patients and factors associated with microalbuminuria [i.e., fasting blood sugar, hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C), low-density lipoprotein, blood pressure, urine microalbuminuria, serum creatinine, foot problem, eye problem] were investigated. Comparisons of mean were performed using the Student’s t-tests, and comparisons of proportions using the chi-square tests. Binary logistic regression and odds ratio analyses were performed to determine the relationship between microalbuminuria and risk factors while adjusting for covariates.

Results:Of the 198 diabetes patients, the majority were females (54.6%). The prevalence of microalbuminuria was 36.4% and of hypertension was 32.8%. The mean serum creatinine of the microalbuminuric group was significantly higher than the normoalbuminuric group (p

Conclusion: High level of HbA1C was a risk factor for the development of microalbuminuria in type 2 diabetes patients. Early detection for diabetic nephropathy and aggressive management of this factor may be essential in preventing or delaying the progression to end-stage renal disease.


Author Posting. © 2014 Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Chiang Mai University. This article is posted here by permission of the Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Chiang Mai University for personal use, not for redistribution. The article was published in the Chiang Mai Bulletin of Associated Medical Sciences, Volume 47, Issue 2, Summer 2014.

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