In this paper, we classify the OECD countries plus China by means of the economic complexity approach to make a concrete connection between the current and future output structures and potential performance of countries in achieving high levels of per capita income. The aim is to identify the ranking of Turkey among various countries and analyze why Turkey has low GDP per capita according to its current production and export structure. Using export data (STIC Rev.4-3 digit) we calculate a number of economic complexity variables (export sophistication, open forest, diversification and product sophistication) for China and OECD countries, including Turkey. Then, we classify all the countries in terms of method of reflection matrix as in Hidalgo and Hausmann (2009) and identify where Turkey is located. Relying on the tools offered by the product space and economic complexity approach, the findings assert that Turkey is a diversified country, but its current production structure is specialized in less sophisticated products. Therefore, the country has a lower GDP per capita in PPP terms than its potential.
Topics in Middle Eastern and North African Economies
Middle East Economic Association and Loyola University Chicago
COŞKUN, Nuran; LOPCU, Kenan; and TUNCER, İsmail, "The Economic Complexity Approach to Development Policy: Where Turkey Stands in Comparison to OECD plus China?". Topics in Middle Eastern and North African Economies, electronic journal, 20, 1, Middle East Economic Association and Loyola University Chicago, 2018, http://www.luc.edu/orgs/meea/
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.
© 2018 The Authors