Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date


Publication Title

Social Justice for Children and Young People: International Perspectives



Publisher Name

Cambridge University Press


In 1989, the United Nation Convention on the Rights of the Child declared, “[state parties] shall take all feasible measures to ensure protection and care of children who are affected by an armed conflict.” In addition to attempting to secure the welfare of children in armed conflict, the Convention went on to ban the recruitment and deployment of children during armed conflict. Despite the vast majority of sovereign nations signing and ratifying this agreement, this treaty, unfortunately, has not prevented children and youth from witnessing, becoming victims of, or participating in political, ethnic, religious, and cultural violence across the past three decades. This chapter offers an “ecological perspective” on the psychosocial consequences of exposure to the trauma of war-related violence and social disruption.


Author Posting © Cambridge University Press, 2020. This article is posted here by permission of Cambridge University Press for personal use, not for redistribution. The book chapter was published in Social Justice for Children and Young People: International Perspectives, September 2020,

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