Journal of General Virology
Viruses are the most abundant component of the human microbiota. Recent evidence has uncovered a rich diversity of viruses within the female bladder, including both bacteriophages and eukaryotic viruses. We conducted whole-genome sequencing of the bladder microbiome of 30 women: 10 asymptomatic ‘healthy’ women and 20 women with an overactive bladder. These metagenomes include sequences representative of human, bacterial and viral DNA. This analysis, however, focused specifically on viral sequences. Using the bioinformatic tool virMine, we discovered sequence fragments, as well as complete genomes, of bacteriophages and the eukaryotic virus JC polyomavirus. The method employed here is a critical proof of concept: the genomes of viral populations within the low-biomass bladder microbiota can be reconstructed through whole-genome sequencing of the entire microbial community.
Garretto, Andrea; Thomas-White, Krystal; Wolfe, Alan J.; and Putonti, Catherine. Detecting Viral Genomes in the Female Urinary Microbiome. Journal of General Virology, 99, : 1141-1146, 2018. Retrieved from Loyola eCommons, Bioinformatics Faculty Publications, http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/jgv.0.001097
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