Analyzing Real-Time Multimedia Content From Network Cameras Using CPUs and GPUs in the Cloud
IEEE Multimedia Information Processing and Retrieval (MIPR)
Millions of network cameras are streaming real-time multimedia content (images or videos) for various environments (e.g., highways and malls) and can be used for a variety of applications. Analyzing the content from many network cameras requires significant amounts of computing resources. Cloud vendors offer resources in the form of cloud instances with different capabilities and hourly costs. Some instances include GPUs that can accelerate analysis programs. Doing so incurs additional monetary cost because instances with GPUs are more expensive. It is a challenging problem to reduce the overall monetary cost of using the cloud to analyze the real-time multimedia content from network cameras while meeting the desired analysis frame rates. This paper describes a cloud resource manager that solves this problem by estimating the resource requirements of executing analysis programs using CPU or GPU, formulating the resource allocation problem as a multiple-choice vector bin packing problem, and solving it using an existing algorithm. The experiments show that the manager can reduce up to 61\% of the cost compared with other allocation strategies.
Ahmed S. Kaseb, Bo Fu, Anup Mohan, Yung-Hsiang Lu, Amy Reibman, George K. Thiruvathukal, "Analyzing Real-Time Multimedia Content From Network Cameras: Using CPUs and GPUs in the Cloud", Proceedings of IEEE Multimedia Information Processing and Retrieval (2018).
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