Submission Type

Poster

Degree Type

Masters

Discipline

Humanities

Department

Public Health

Access Type

Open Access

Abstract or Description

Background: The impact of social determinants of health have been amplified during the pandemic and associated with COVID-19 incidence and mortality rates.

Objective: The literature review will identify the recent evidence of specific social determinants of health within the context of the pandemic that are important to consider for prevention of the spread of infectious diseases, specifically COVID-19.

Methods: A search was conducted using PubMED for empirical research evaluating the relationship of social determinants of health and COVID-19 published since 2019. Key terms were “COVID-19” or “CORONAVIRUS” or “2019-nCoV” or “SARS” or ‘MERS” and “social determinants of health.” Inclusion criteria were articles in English and peer reviewed. Exclusion criteria were non-data based articles (e.g., editorials, opinion or commentary). The search yielded 427 citations and 25 articles met inclusion and exclusion criteria.

Results: The review identified a scarcity of descriptive research that explicitly explored the impact of social determinants of health. Studies were conducted across the globe. Sample characteristics included communities of diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds, essential workers, and college students. Three social determinants of health were associated with COVID-19: employment, income, and level of education.

Conclusions: This review identifies specific determinants associated with COVID-19 for public health action despite little research conducted. Policy must address social determinants of health explicitly to reach target populations. Strategies to protect or prevent vulnerable populations from continuing to be affected at higher rates must be considered in future research.

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Social Determinants of Health and COVID-19: A review of the literature

Background: The impact of social determinants of health have been amplified during the pandemic and associated with COVID-19 incidence and mortality rates.

Objective: The literature review will identify the recent evidence of specific social determinants of health within the context of the pandemic that are important to consider for prevention of the spread of infectious diseases, specifically COVID-19.

Methods: A search was conducted using PubMED for empirical research evaluating the relationship of social determinants of health and COVID-19 published since 2019. Key terms were “COVID-19” or “CORONAVIRUS” or “2019-nCoV” or “SARS” or ‘MERS” and “social determinants of health.” Inclusion criteria were articles in English and peer reviewed. Exclusion criteria were non-data based articles (e.g., editorials, opinion or commentary). The search yielded 427 citations and 25 articles met inclusion and exclusion criteria.

Results: The review identified a scarcity of descriptive research that explicitly explored the impact of social determinants of health. Studies were conducted across the globe. Sample characteristics included communities of diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds, essential workers, and college students. Three social determinants of health were associated with COVID-19: employment, income, and level of education.

Conclusions: This review identifies specific determinants associated with COVID-19 for public health action despite little research conducted. Policy must address social determinants of health explicitly to reach target populations. Strategies to protect or prevent vulnerable populations from continuing to be affected at higher rates must be considered in future research.