This study explores levels of gender marginalization on college campuses in order to better understand who is at risk of being marginalized. In addition to conventional measures of sex, and gender, we explore scaled measures of how students see themselves, and how they think others see them, with respect to masculinity, femininity, and androgyny. In a survey distributed to undergraduate students, we explore experiences of gender microaggressions across the campus including experiences with pronouns, bathrooms, and interactions with staff and faculty. What we find is that marginalization based on gender is experienced by all students of all genders. Students who do not identify as transgender also experience microaggressions based on how others view their gender. Studies that aim to understand student experiences on the college campus, categorical measures of gender fall short of capturing a deeper understanding of gender identity and how those genders experience the campus.
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Dockendorff, Kari J. and Geist, Claudia
"Beyond the Binary: Gender Image and Experiences of Marginalization on Campus,"
Journal of Critical Scholarship on Higher Education and Student Affairs: Vol. 6
, Article 6.
Available at: https://ecommons.luc.edu/jcshesa/vol6/iss3/6